Hepatitis Outbreak in Children in Europe, US Accelerates investigation among scientists

CIO Review Europe | Tuesday, May 03, 2022

A mysterious case of rising Hepatitis among children results in inflammation of the liver. This raises concern among health authorities around the world, scientists take to investigate the matter immediately.

FREMONT, CA: A nationwide alert has been sent by the U.S. health authorities warning the doctors regarding symptoms of paediatric hepatitis which might involve a cold virus along with unexplained cases of liver inflammation in young children. A total of 108 cases of paediatric hepatitis have been reported by UK health officials. A few cases deteriorated to the level where children required liver transplants. According to the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, similar cases have been reported in Denmark, Ireland, the Netherlands and Spain.

The U.S. Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) stated that it is working with counterparts in Europe to understand the cause of the infections. Adenovirus, a common cold virus, has been detected in several European cases. In cases of fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, dark urine, light-colored stool, joint pain, and jaundice, doctors are testing for adenovirus in young patients exhibiting symptoms of the disease. A CDC investigation with the Alabama Department of Public Health was followed by the warning sent by the U.S. health officials. A total of nine cases of hepatitis of unknown origin were detected in previously healthy children ranging in age from 1 to 6 years old.

Such cases of adenovirus in the U.S. were first identified in October 2021 at a children’s hospital in Alabama that admitted five young patients with liver injury and acute liver failure. However, the more common forms of liver disease, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C, were eliminated. On April 6, Scotland’s public health agency first raised concerns about unusual hepatitis cases in children. Researchers believe that adenovirus infection could be behind cases acting jointly with another virus, as 77 percent of the children in the UK tested positive for adenovirus. Incidentally, none of the UK or U.S. cases has been linked with the COVID-19 vaccine.

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