What are the Identifying Attributes of a Smart City?

CIO Review Europe | Friday, August 13, 2021

​For some years, the smart city concept has been all the rage.

FREMONT, CA: Smart cities are seen as the cure for urbanisation's ills. As the global population migrates to cities, negative consequences such as pollution, unsustainable energy consumption, crime, poor transportation, and insufficient infrastructure are likely to worsen. By embracing innovative city solutions, cities can grow sustainably and improve the quality of life for their citizens. However, while much has been said about smart cities, there is no agreement on the characteristics of a smart city. Each of the indices used to determine a city's smart city designation uses a unique set of factors.

Below are some features of intelligent cities as follows:

Intelligent Building

Commercial buildings in smart cities evolve to fit changing worker habits and technological advances while also increasing productivity and efficiency. Businesses and industries in an intelligent city need adaptive facilities that can link people both locally and worldwide. Smart buildings seamlessly integrate people and systems. A safe and secure workplace, usable spaces, network connectivity, and IoT settings are issues for building owners.

Risk management is the first step to securing settings. Using a layered approach, one can prevent entry, detect entry, defend against entry, and detect entry at each layer of a smart building. Standard security technologies include network intrusion detection, integrated access control, video surveillance, and fire protection.

Smart buildings require high-performance fibre optic infrastructure. It decreases network downtime and increases bandwidth. Universal cabling, wireless mobility, media choices, and multi-application support are needed. Network productivity requires both hardware and software.

In smart buildings, BYOD (Bring Your Own Device) is possible. They must also overcome the restrictions of outdated systems and follow the rules.

With fewer staff and a need for flexible, collaborative workspaces, smart buildings must optimise space. Workers and facilities benefit from optimisation. Inefficient lighting and 5G Wifi contribute to the building's efficiency.

By incorporating IoT, property managers can monitor and analyse their settings in real-time. Proper smart buildings address open architecture, supplier integration, and IP platform migration. Risk management, network performance, worker productivity, and space consumption can all benefit from IoT.

Smart Technology

Smart cities use technology to solve problems created by urbanisation and improve quality of life. Smart cities use technology to generate electricity and fertiliser from garbage, reduce waste generated during construction, restoration, and demolition, and manage scarce water resources more sustainably.

Smart Government

Smart cities have increased citizen participation through e-government tools. Government services are primarily offered digitally via smartphones. This reduces costs, increases accountability and transparency.

Residents in smart cities actively participate in government and provide comments digitally.

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